Treatment for OCDApril 26, 2014
Treatment for OCD
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT)
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, also called CBT, is an effective treatment for OCD.
Approximately 7 out of 10 people with OCD will benefit from either CBT or medicine. For the people who benefit from CBT, they usually see their OCD symptoms reduced by 70 to 80%.
For CBT to work, the client must actively participate in the treatment. Unfortunately, about 1 in 6 OCD patients refuse to do CBT.
There are different kinds of CBT, but the one that works best for OCD is Exposure and Response Prevention, known as ERP.
CBT is made up of many different kinds of therapies. The most important therapy in CBT for OCD is called “Exposure and Response Prevention” (ERP).
What is Exposure and Response Prevention (ERP)?
The “Exposure “in ERP refers to confronting the thoughts, images, objects and feared situations that make a person with OCD anxious.
The “Response Prevention in ERP refers to making a choice not to do a compulsive behaviour after coming into contact with the things that make a person with OCD anxious.
This strategy may not sound right to most people. Those with OCD have probably confronted their obsessions many times and tried to stop themselves from doing their compulsive behavior, only to see their anxiety skyrocket. With ERP, a person has to make the commitment to not give in and do the compulsive behaviour until they notice a drop in their anxiety. In fact, it is best if the person stays committed to not doing the compulsive behaviour at all. The natural drop in anxiety that happens when you stay “exposed” and “prevent” the “response” is called habituation.
Another Way to Think About ERP:
If you begin to think of anxiety as information, what information is it giving you when it’s present? That you are in danger – or more accurately, that you might be in danger. “Might be” in danger is important to consider here.
The experience of anxiety does not feel like a “might”, it feels like a truth: “I am in danger”. This is one of the cruelest parts of this disorder. It has taken over your alarm system, a system that is there to protect you.
When you are facing an actual danger, say crossing a street and seeing a car speeding toward you, your brain sends out information that you are in danger by making you feel anxious. The anxiety creates motivation to do something to protect yourself. The behaviour’s you engage in to protect yourself can actually save your life, for example getting out of the way of the oncoming car! Unfortunately, in OCD your brain tells you that you are in danger a lot, even in situations where you “know” that there is a very small likelihood that something bad might happen.
Now consider your compulsive behaviours as your attempts to keep yourself safe when you “might be” in danger. What are you telling your brain when you try to protect yourself? —That you must be in danger. In other words, your compulsive behaviour fuels that part of your brain that gives out to many unwarranted danger signals. In order to reduce your anxiety and your obsessions, you have to stop the compulsive behaviour.
What do you have to risk by not protecting yourself? It feels like you are choosing to put yourself in danger. Exposure and Response Prevention changes your OCD and changes your brain because you actually find out whether you were in real danger or not.